## 20140228

### Physics quiz question: microscope objective lens focal length

Physics 205B Quiz 2, spring semester 2014
Cuesta College, San Luis Obispo, CA

The Richter Optica F1 microscope[*] (–40× magnification) has an eyepiece lens with a focal length of +2.5 cm, with a separation distance of 25 cm between the objective and eyepiece. The focal length of the objective lens is:
(A) +0.63 cm.
(B) +1.6 cm.
(C) +5.6 cm.
(D) +100 cm.

[*] microscopeworld.com/p-1735-richter-optica-f1-elementary-microscope.aspx.

Correct answer (highlight to unhide): (C)

The angular magnification M of a microscope is given by:

M = –((LfeN)/(fo·fe),

where the "tube length" (the focal point to focal point distance) L is given as 25 cm, the nominal near point N is 25 cm, and the eyepiece focal length is fe is also given as +2.5 cm. Thus the objective focal length is then:

fo = –((LfeN)/(M·fe) = +5.625 cm,

which to two significant figures is +5.6 cm.

(Response (A) is N/M; response (B) is M/N; and response (D) is M·fe.)

(Sections 30882, 30883
Exam code: quiz02O8Jt