20150624

Physics final exam problem: interference of two in-phase wi-fi antennae

Physics 205B Final Exam, spring semester 2015
Cuesta College, San Luis Obispo, CA

Cf. Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson, Physics, 2/e, Problem 25.31

"Wifi"
Jason Cole
youtu.be/6hcK9B4HHY8

A commercially available wireless router[*] broadcasts at a 0.12 m wavelength from two vertical antennae spaced 0.18 m apart. Assume that the two antennae are in phase. Determine how many destructive interference (minima) directions there will be (if any) in the 360° range of all possible directions. Show your work and explain your reasoning using the properties of source phases, path lengths, and interference.

[*] Linksys WRT54GL wireless router, 802.11b channel 1 (2412 MHz), overall width 200 mm, downloads.linksys.com/downloads/WRT54GL_V11_DS_NC-WEB,0.pdf

Solution and grading rubric:
  • p:
    Correct. Approximates two in-phase antennae as a double slit, and equates path length difference approximation dsinθ with destructive interference (minima) condition for in-phase sources to find θ = 19° and 90° as measured counterclockwise from the θ = 0° south direction, such that there are six unique directions of destructive interference in the 360° range of all possible directions. Okay if minima directions in the south-east quadrant are not correctly mapped via symmetry to find all minima directions, if at least the two unique θ = 19° and 90° directions in the southeast quadrant are found.
  • r:
    Nearly correct, but includes minor math errors. Only specifically searches over the cardinal directions, and finds of these that only east and west have destructive interference.
  • t:
    Nearly correct, but approach has conceptual errors, and/or major/compounded math errors.
  • v:
    Implementation of right ideas, but in an inconsistent, incomplete, or unorganized manner.
  • x:
    Implementation of ideas, but credit given for effort rather than merit. No clear attempt at applying path length differences and interference.
  • y:
    Irrelevant discussion/effectively blank.
  • z:
    Blank.
Grading distribution:
Sections 30882, 30883
Exam code: finalLd0c
p: 4 students
r: 13 students
t: 5 students
v: 11 students
x: 4 students
y: 3 students
z: 3 students

A sample "p" response (from student 5246):

A sample "r" response (from student 0104):

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