Astronomy quiz question: same luminosity, but different size stars

Astronomy 210 Quiz 4, Spring Semester 2010
Cuesta College, San Luis Obispo, CA

A(n) __________ has the same luminosity as, but is larger than a B5 main-sequence star.
(A) A0 main-sequence star.
(B) B5 supergiant.
(C) G5 main-sequence star.
(D) M0 giant.

Correct answer: (D)

Using an H-R diagram, the only star that has the same luminosity as a B5 main-sequence star is the M0 giant, which is also larger in size, from reading off the diagonal equiradial lines on the H-R diagram; and/or applying the Stefan-Boltzmann law, where given two stars of the same luminosity, the cooler star (M0) must be larger in size than a hotter star (B5).

Section 30674
(A) : 1 student
(B) : 4 students
(C) : 4 students
(D) : 34 students

"Success level": 80% (including partial credit for multiple-choice)
Discrimination index (Aubrecht & Aubrecht, 1983): 0.42

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