## 20111202

### Physics midterm question: horizontal, widening pipe

Physics 205A Midterm 2, fall semester 2011
Cuesta College, San Luis Obispo, CA

Cf. Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson, Physics, 2/e, Problem 9.41

The pressure of water __________ as it flows from point [1] to point [2]. (Assume ideal fluid flow.)
(A) decreases.
(B) remains constant.
(C) increases.
(D) (Not enough information is given.)

From applying the continuity equation:

A1·v1 = A2·v2,

the water speed at point [2] is slower than at point [1], because the cross-sectional area at point [2] is larger than at point [1].

Then from Bernoulli's equation:

0 = ∆P + (1/2)·ρ·∆(v2) + ρ·g·∆y,

the (1/2)·ρ·∆(v2) term on the right-hand side of the equation decreases due to the decrease in speed from point [1] to point [2], while the ρ·g·∆y term remains constant (no change in elevation along the horizontal pipe), thus the pressure must increase as water flows from point [1] to point [2].

Sections 70854, 70855
Exam code: midterm02fR3q
(A) : 24 students
(B) : 14 students
(C) : 15 students
(D) : 0 students

Success level: 28%
Discrimination index (Aubrecht & Aubrecht, 1983): 0.43