Cuesta College, San Luis Obispo, CA
Cf. Giambattista/Richardson/Richardson, Physics, 2/e, Problems 9.37, 9.38
[20 points.] The average density of a person can be found by first weighing that person in air and then finding the scale reading for the person completely immersed in water (while suspended from the scale). If a person has a weight 550 N in air and has an average density of 1.05×103 kg/m3, what would be the scale reading for the person completely immersed in water? The density of water is ρwater = 1.00×103 kg/m3. Show your work and explain your reasoning.
Solution and grading rubric:
- p = 20/20:
Correct. Finds volume of person, given density and mass (from weight in air), and calculates bouyant force on person while submerged in water. The scale reading is then the difference between the weight and the bouyant force. Proper use of Newton's first law, definition of bouyant force, and relation between mass and weight.
- r = 16/20:
Nearly correct, but includes minor math errors. May have conflated mass and weight, or density values, but still clearly shows methodical process.
- t = 12/20:
Nearly correct, but approach has conceptual errors, and/or major/compounded math errors.
- v = 8/20:
Implementation of right ideas, but in an inconsistent, incomplete, or unorganized manner. At some attempt at using Newton's laws, definition of bouyant force, and relation between mass and weight.
- x = 4/20:
Implementation of ideas, but credit given for effort rather than merit. Discussion not based on methodical application Newton's laws, definition of bouyant force, and relation between mass and weight.
- y = 2/20:
Irrelevant discussion/effectively blank.
- z = 0/20:
Sections 70854, 70855
Exam code: midterm02fR3q
p: 24 students
r: 4 students
t: 5 students
v: 8 students
x: 7 students
y: 0 students
z: 0 students
A sample "p" response (from student 3737), rounding to two significant figures during each step:
Another sample "p" response (from student 3737), rounding to two significant figures only for the very last calculation: